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Multi-label Text Classification Using Semantic Features and Dimensionality Reduction with Autoencoders

Author:Wael Alkhatib, Christoph Rensing, Johannes Silberbauer
Date:June 2017
Kind:In proceedings - use for conference & workshop papers
Publisher:Springer, Cham
Book title:International Conference on Language, Data and Knowledge
Editor:Gracia J., Bond F., McCrae J., Buitelaar P., Chiarcos C., Hellmann S.
ISBN:online:978-3-319-59888-8, print: 978-3-319-59887-1
Keywords:semantics; feature selection; dimensionality reduction; text classi cation; semantic relations; autoencoders.
Research Area(s):Knowledge Media
Abstract:Feature selection is of vital concern in text classi cation to reduce the high dimensionality of feature space. The wide range of statistical techniques which have been proposed for weighting and selecting features su er from loss of semantic relationship among concepts and ignoring of dependencies and ordering between adjacent words. In this work we propose two techniques for incorporating semantics in feature selection. Furthermore, we use autoencoders to transform the features into a reduced feature space in order to analyse the performance penalty of feature extraction. Our intensive experiments, using the EURlex dataset, showed that semantic-based feature selection techniques signifi cantly outperform the Bag-of-Word (BOW) frequency based feature selection method with term frequency/inverse document frequency (TFIDF) for features weighting. In addition, after an aggressive dimensionality reduction of original features with a factor of 10, the autoencoders are still capable of producing better features compared to BOW with TF-IDF.

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